It’s never past the stage where it is possible to figure out precisely how to play chess regardless of your age. We have developed this current learner’s direct to help beginners like you and begin to grasp the extraordinary realm of chess. In this guide, I’m about to share instructions on how to play chess for beginners.
Chess is said to have been invented in India about 1500 years ago. The game has only improved somewhat since then, with the introduction of the queen in the 15th century and several small action changes in the 1800s.
General Chess Goals
The ultimate goal of chess is to produce a checkmate – to trap your opponent’s leader. The word checkmate is an abbreviation of the Persian expression “Shah Mat,” which simply means “the King is ambushed,” as opposed to “the King is gone,” which is a widespread misunderstanding.
White is often the first to pass, and players alternately move one piece at a time. It is necessary to proceed. If a player’s turn is to pass and he is not in check yet has no legitimate movements, the game is considered a “stalemate,” and it finishes in a tie.
Each form of the piece has a unique way of moving. A piece can be shifted to a different location or grab and replace an opponent’s piece on its square (en passant being the only exception). A piece may not pass over or around all of the other objects, with the exception of the knight. When a king is confronted with capture (but has the ability to defend himself or flee), this is referred to as a scan.
If a king is in check, the player must make a move that avoids the possibility of capture, and the king cannot be left in check. Checkmate occurs when a king is put in check, and no lawful attempt to escape is accessible. The game is over until the king is checkmated, and the side whose king was checkmated loses. Chess for kids can be a fantastic way to help the child improve his reasoning skills with the use of chess techniques. To schedule an assessment session with one of our professional chess instructors, go to our affiliate chess online lessons page.
How to Play Chess (Guide for Beginners)
If you’ve got a passion for playing the traditional royale game ‘chess,’ then I’m about to share with you a beginner-friendly guide on how to play it easily. Here are some of the important steps:
1) Setting up the board
Two teams play chess on an eight-by-eight square chess piece. The 64 squares vary between light and dark colors, which are typically black and white. A white square should be the rightmost square along the edge nearest to each player when correctly set up.
The bits of each player are arranged in the two horizontal rows (known as ranks) nearest to each player. The second rank, or second row from the player’s point of view, is made up of a line of eight pawns, each positioned on a single square.
The closest rank is almost symmetrical, with rooks (also known as castles) on the two leftmost and rightmost corner squares, knights on the inside space next to them, and bishops on the outside space.
The king and queen occupy the rank’s two center squares. The queen is put on the square of her color (for, say, the purple queen on the black square), and the king is placed on the remaining square of the opposite color. This ensures that the king and queen of each color face each other, resulting in a symmetrical arrangement between the two players.
The white player makes the first move, and then the player alternates single turns before a player is eliminated by checkmate or resigns. A draw is also an option. If a timer is used, as in competitions, the first player to run out of time forfeits the game.
2) Understanding Rules of Chess
Each player in chess takes turns making a single pass. Players cannot miss a turn; instead, they must pass apiece. With chess piece moves in a distinct manner and must be pushed in accordance with its lawful movement.
Parts, with the exception of the knight, cannot pass through pieces of any color without either halting (in the same of a piece of the same color) or trapping them (in the case of a piece of the opposite color).
2) Capturing Chess Pieces
If a piece collides with an opponent’s piece, it is caught and excluded from the board. Pieces of the same color cannot be put on the same rectangle. When a piece takes an opponent’s piece, it must complete the current step movement, and the player’s turn is over.
Pawns forward one square in a straight line. They are not allowed to shift horizontally, diagonally, or backward.
If a pawn is yet to be transferred throughout the game, this is an exception. If a pawn hasn’t advanced yet, it will shift two squares forward with a single move. Both squares must be left blank. The player may even opt to pass the piece one square at a time.
A pawn can only pass diagonally while grabbing an opponent’s piece. Pawns can catch an opponent’s piece on the diagonal spaces to the left or right of the piece. The pawn would shift diagonally to replace the captured piece as part of the capture process. A pawn cannot grab another piece on any other square, nor can it pass diagonally without being captured.
4) The rook (Castle)
The rook, also known as the fortress, has the ability to pass any amount of squares horizontally in its current row (rank) or column (file). It cannot move across pieces of the same color, but it can grab pieces of the opposite color by jumping into an occupied room. For any explanation, it cannot shift diagonally.
5) The Knight
Knights are the only chess pieces that can move through other pieces by ‘jumping’ over them. It generally collects pieces by landing on an area occupied by a piece of the opposite color. It cannot move to a square occupied by a piece of the same color, although it may move over pieces of any color during its transfer.
Knights pass in a predetermined ‘L’ form, moving two squares forward, backward, left or right, then one square horizontally or vertically, or vice versa, moving one square forward, backward, left or right, preceded by two squares horizontally or vertically to complete the ‘L’ formation.
This assumes that the knight will still shift to the nearest square that is not in its current row (rank), column (file), or diagonally adjacent.
The knight must travel the whole distance; it cannot pass two squares along a straight line without also shifting one on the right.
6) The Bishop
The bishop has the ability to shift any amount of squares diagonally, which ensures that it only marches along the diagonal line of squares to fit the current color of its square. This ensures that each player starts the game with one bishop who can pass on each of the four colors. For any purpose, a bishop cannot shift horizontally or vertically. It is unable to pass across fragments of the same color and thus captures a portion of the opposite color by jumping into its square.
7) The Queen
The queen has the option of moving any amount of squares horizontally, vertically, or diagonally. These gestures must be performed in a continuous straight line and throughout a single turn. (To put it another way, you can’t switch three squares diagonally preceded by three spaces vertically.) The queen is unable to switch across fragments of the same color and must capture a piece of the opposite color by stepping onto its square.
8) The Monarchy
The king may only shift one room horizontally, vertically, or diagonally. The king cannot step into a position that would give the opposing player a check or checkmate.
Unlike all other chess pieces, the king is never captured – a player loses the game when the king is put into checkmate, resulting in an unavoidable capture on the opponent’s next step.
9) Checkmate and Check
When a piece moves in a way that allows a player to catch the opponent’s king on their next turn, the attacking player usually says “check.”
To avoid the assault on their next turn, the player put in check must transfer their king or another piece, either by preventing the move or catching the attacking piece.
If a player establishes a condition in which their opponent’s king cannot be caught on the next move, the attacking player declares “checkmate” and automatically wins the game. The king is never captured; instead, a chess game is declared won when a successful checkmate is revealed.
A player may even opt to resign, handing the win to their enemy. Matches will often finish in a tie if a stalemate occurs, leaving a team with no legal moves or if no player can win using available legal moves, a condition known as a “dead position.” When both players are left with their king as their only remaining piece on the floor, this is an indication of a dead spot.
Draws may often arise due to advanced laws often used in competitive competitions, such as repeated board positions happening three or five times – principles known as threefold repetition and fivefold repetition, respectively – or no captures or pawn movements occurring during the previous 50 or 75 steps. The specific rules used will vary depending on the tournament and the players’ agreement.
10) Advanced guidelines
Chess has a range of advanced guidelines and specific openings and board positions identified by a variety of titles, ranging from the Double King’s Pawn Opening to the familiar King’s Gambit and Queen’s Gambit.
Advanced regulations may contain various variations that change the basic rules of the game and surrounding conditions often found in competition environments, such as pacing and the touch-transfer law, which specifies that a piece must make a lawful move until a player reaches it.
Since this is a beginner’s guide to studying chess, we’ll discuss some of the more important advanced rules here – laws that can often be used in accordance with the simple rules for transferring and catching pieces, as well as the regular setup and checkmate rules.
If you’ve mastered the fundamentals of chess, there are hundreds of books and other tools available to help you learn the deep technique and near-endless combinations necessary during games – as well as local competitions to help you fine-tune your play and strategies.
11) En passant
En passant – French for “in passing” – is one of the most well-known chess movements. When a pawn pushes two squares forward due to its optional starting move, it is said to be en passant.
If an opponent’s pawn may have technically captured the advancing pawn if it had just crossed one square instead of two, the opponent will claim en passant on their next turn and transfer their pawn diagonally into the square over which the pawn went, catching the pawn as if it had only moved one square.
To be legitimate, en passant must be proclaimed and rendered as the opponent’s next turn; otherwise, the player with the chance to catch the pawn forfeits the opportunity.
Castling is probably the most complex simple rule in chess, and as a result, many newcomers often forget it.
Castling is allowed if a player’s king and rook have not yet shifted throughout the game. Castling can be done for any rook as long as they haven’t shifted – that is, they’re both in their starting corners on edge nearest to the controlling player.
Castling entails a player pushing the king piece two squares into the rook in which they are casting, followed by moving the rook to the square that the king passed ‘through.’ This essentially places the rook on the opposite side of the king, while the king transfers two squares into space where the rook began the game. If castling is done with the rook closest to the king (kingside) or one square farther out (queenside), the king never pushes more than two squares.
The king cannot be used in a castling maneuver if it is already in check. Still, a rook can be used in castling even if it is threatened by an opponent’s piece – in other words, whether it may be caught on the opponent’s next turn or on either of the squares it moves through when making the transfer.
Castling, as usual, cannot be used to drive the king as doing so will bring the king in check. Castling is ineffective if there are any bits between the king and the rook – the squares between must be empty.